Skip to main content

NZ Update #2: Letter to Deputy Prime Minister Paula Bennett

Kia ora Deputy Prime Minster, and congratulations. 

After the news of your promotion came, and the news that you are now also Minister for Women (and Minister of various other things), it was good to hear you say that you’re a feminist, most of the time. And to read that you said ‘I hope there are some young Māori women out there watching the news tonight who say, 'in a few years that is going to be me'’. 

Does that mean you're familiar with Geena Davis' mantra, amplified through her Geena Davis Institute on Gender in Media: 'If She Can See It She Can Be It'? Does it mean you're familiar with director (Selma, Queen Sugar, 13th etc) Ava DuVernay's questions
Why is it important for girls and women to see themselves on screen? ...Film is a mirror. If you don’t see yourself, does it mean you don’t exist? 

Paula Bennett launches Jade Speaks Up
And I remember a couple of years ago listening to you at the Beehive, when you launched the Jade Speaks Up project  including a short animation I scripted. You highlighted the importance of stories and images, recognised that those presented in Jade may help to enhance children's resilience.

So I think you're probably aware of and understand the reasons for the global movement to increase the numbers of feature films and fictional television programmes that are both written and directed by women (in all our diversity) and about women and girls (in all our diversity). I imagine that you mightn't have been happy to learn from academic Martha Lauzen that when men direct feature films, only 4% have women or girls as protagonists, in contrast to 39% if women direct. Or to learn from Amber Thomas that women spoke only 27% of the words in 2016's biggest movies.

And I imagine that you're also aware of and understand the reasons for story sovereignty, why it's important that, if we've been under-represented and misrepresented, we tell our own stories and get them to wide audiences. As Ava DuVernay puts it
...there's a special value in work that is a reflection of oneself as opposed to interpretation. When I see a film or a TV show about black people not written by someone who's black, it's an interpretation of that life.
You may know, too, that research has established that in the US 'although female filmmakers systematically face fewer resources and opportunities than their male counterparts, their movies tend to reap a greater return on investment'; that when women direct, more women are employed in the crew (see here); and that films about women and girls have huge audiences (though recent successes Hidden Figures – doing better than the latest Star Wars instalment at the box office in the US – and Moana were made with men directors and just one woman co-writer in each writing team).

I don't know whether you've been involved in discussions about the recent gender equity policies at the NZFC and have celebrated the progress there with local projects (see Part 1), but I imagine that you welcome opportunities for New Zealand taxpayers to be involved in making change, because it makes sense to you that women are employed behind the camera and that more stories feature complex, diverse, interesting, women and girls as well as women's interpretation of men.

So, my suggestion is, how about if you make New Zealand a global leader, the go-to country for big-budget and smaller budget productions, including co-productions, that women write and direct, often about women and girls? Why not ask Treasury to gender-tag the New Zealand Screen Production Grant (NZSPG) investment, so that half of it goes to women-written and women-directed films (and television)? 

Maybe you're already involved in making this kind of change? For instance, in this financial year, part of Disney's A Wrinkle in Time, directed by Ava DuVernay, screenplay by Jennifer Lee, from the novel by Madeline L'Engle, is about to be shot down in the South Island. You may know that this is the first time ever that an African American woman has helmed a live-action feature with a budget over $100 million? Only two other women ever have directed live-action films with a budget in this range. (And as Minister of Tourism, you may be considering the project's long-term impact on tourism?)

But in case you aren't involved, here's a wee pie chart to show the New Zealand taxpayer's investment in feature films in the 2015-2016 year, a total of $66.1m, through the NZFC and the NZSPG.

New Zealand taxpayer investment in feature films 2015-2016
That blue 19% refers to the $12.7M the NZFC invested in local features during 2015-2016, where gender equity was achieved in relation to writers and directors (see Part 1 for details)

The  gender proportions of the writers and directors associated with big yellow field is shown in the next pie chart, representing the international features that received 69% of the investment: $45.65M

New Zealand taxpayer NZSPG investment in international features 2015-2016: by writer and director gender

This investment was spread over nine productions, with twenty writers and nine directors. The red 7% represents just two women among the twenty writers. All the directors were men. And although The Hunger Games: Mockingjay 2 and The Light Between Oceans featured women, the other five projects were about, as well as by, men.

The green field in the top pie chart represents the five local and co-produced projects that received $7.7M, or 12% of the  NZSPG investment;  some of the local productions also received NZFC funding, not necessarily in the 2015-2016 year. The writer and director gender balance was better than in the last category, as this pie chart shows. But not as good as in the taxpayer funding in local feature films, via the NZFC and represented by the blue field in the top pie chart.

New Zealand taxpayer NZSPG investment in New Zealand and co-production features 2015-2016: by writer and director gender

These films also had some female elements – in Mahana and Born To Dance for instance – and Atomic Falafel had female protagonists: more men are making films with female protagonists since the market for these films was confirmed.  But only one production, 25 April, had a woman director, New Zealand's Leanne Pooley.

One authoritative writer, Scott Mendelson, has speculated that A Wrinkle in Time will be a game changer. Writing in Forbes about  this 'special effects and spectacle-filled fantasy that just happens to star a cast headlined by a young black actress and surrounded by people who aren’t almost entirely made up of white guys', he said–
It could be the big hit that offers substantial evidence that you don’t have to have a male lead to score big box office around the world. You don’t have to have mostly white characters to be a big blockbuster. And female filmmakers, even non-white female filmmakers, are just as capable of making a studio-backed big budget fantasy adventure as the white guys who get the keys to the franchise kingdom after one well-liked indie breakout.
Here in Aotearoa New Zealand, we could be part of this change?

How about making sure that New Zealand takes a visionary role in the global entertainment community and that we are strongly positioned to take full advantage of this game change?

With every good wish, Marian

At that launch (always have my head down when listening carefully)
And here are some of the A Wrinkle in Time cast, with Storm Reid at far right, who will play Meg Murry. They're almost here. 

(And you recently responded to a tweet from Reese Witherspoon, one of the stars in this image, so I'm feeling optimistic that you're onto it all.)
Part 1, Gender Breakthrough in New Zealand Film Commission Funding, is here; Part 3, about WIFTNZ, is here and Part 4, an A-Z of New Zealand women writers and directors is here.


Popular posts from this blog

#Cannes2017 Excludes #WomeninFilm Who Bring Their Children

Palestinian filmmaker Annemarie Jacir’s track record is pretty impressive.

She has written, directed and produced over sixteen films. One of Filmmaker’s 25 New Faces of Independent Cinema and Variety’s Arab New Wave, two of her films have premiered as Official Selections in Cannes, one in Venice and one in Berlin.

Annemarie’s short film like twenty impossibles (2003) was the first Arab short film in history to be an official selection of the Cannes Film Festival and continued to break ground when it went on to be a finalist for the Academy Awards.

Her second work to debut in Cannes, the critically acclaimed Salt of this Sea (2008), went on to win the FIPRESCI Critics Award, and garnered fourteen other international awards including Best Film in Milan. It was the first feature film directed by a Palestinian woman and Palestine’s 2008 Oscar Entry for Foreign Language Film.

Her latest film When I Saw You won Best Asian Film at the Berlinale , Best Arab Film in Abu Dhabi and Best Film in…

'Water Protectors', by Leana Hosea

Leana Hosea's Water Protectors isabout ordinary women in Flint, at Standing Rock and on the Navajo reservation who have had their water poisoned and are at the forefront in the movement for clean water.

Water is a big issue in Aotearoa New Zealand, too– the degradation of our waterways; drinking water contamination; the offshore sale of our pure water; the debate about Maori sovereignty over water, under Te Tiriti o Waitangi/ the Treaty of Waitangi, signed in 1840.  Partly because this has raised my awareness about the significance of access to water, my heart is absolutely with the women in Leana's work. And with Leana, editing through the night as I write this.

Leana is a reporter/producer for BBC's World Service Radio and has held many other roles within the BBC. As a highly experienced multimedia journalist she's originated ideas, fixed stories, written scripts, filmed and edited them.

She was a shoot/edit/reporter/producer for the BBC in Egypt during the revoluti…

NZ Update #4: Writers & Directors A-Z

This is the final part of a 4-Part NZ Update series and is easier to read over on Medium. Part 1 was Gender Breakthrough in New Zealand Film Commission Funding. Part 2 was a letter to Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Women, Paula Bennett, about the New Zealand Screen Production Grant. Part 3: WIFTNZ.

New Zealand women who write and direct long-form screen works – many of them also actors – are blossoming. Five years ago, if I created this kind of list, I would have been confident that I included most of them. And because there were so few women whose work reached cinemas I also found it straightforward to offer to interview them all. Those things are no longer true. It was a fine moment when I realised I could (just about) do an A-Z of those I do know about. A less fine moment when I realised that it would take me all year to make it comprehensive: I haven't got enough time to do that.

So how did I compile this list? It's arbitrary and a little random. I thought about whos…